Sunday, June 3, 2012

Understanding of Relative pronouns



A.    Relative pronoun is a word used to replace one of the main sentence / other sentence that connects the two sentences into one compound sentence (complex sentence). The words are used as the link is: who, whom, Whose, which, of which.
1.      Who / that: "a"
Used for replacement of the subject as
Example: We know a lot of people. They live in Jakarta
     S     O                     S
We know a lot of people live in Jakarta WHO
            (They = a lot of people, a position in the subject line,)
2.      Whom / that: "a"
Used to substitute object
Example: The girl feels in love with the man. I met him last week.
                    S                                                 O          S            O
 The girl feel in love with the man whom I met last week.
(Him = the man, the position of the object)
3.      Whose "have"
Used to replace a possessive pronoun: my, your, our, his, Their, its, her.
Example: We saw the people. Their car has been stolen.
                 S                O possessive
We saw the people Whose car had been stolen.
(Their car = car people. Person in question = the people)
4.      The which / that
Used to replace the noun / animals as subjects
Example: I do not like the stories. They are printed in English.
                                                                    S
                           
         I do not like the stories that / the which are printed in English.
(They = the stories / story which is a noun position as S)
My mother loves a red car very much. I bought it last year.
    O                                                                     O
            My mother loves a red car the which / that I bought last year very much
(It = a red car, an object, the position of the object)
5.      Of the which
Used to replace a possessive pronoun / possessive for objects / animals.
Example: I sent the table back to the store. Its surface is not smooth.
                                                                   Possessive
            I sent the table of the which surface is not smooth back to the store.
(Its surface / surface table. Table which is the table)
6.      Where
7.      When
B.     A relative pronoun is a pronoun That introduces a relative clause. It is called a "relative" pronoun Because it "relates" to the word it modifies That. Here is an example:
• The WHO person phoned me last night is my teacher.
In the above example, "who":
• relates to "person", the which it modifies
• introduces the relative clause "who phoned me last night"
There are five relative pronouns: who, whom, Whose, the which, that *Who (subject) and whom (object) are Generally only for people. Whose is for possession. Which is for Things. That can be used for people ** and Things and as subject and object in defining relative clauses (That clauses are essential to the sentence and do not simply add extra information).
WHO: for the subject intangible
Whom: for the tangible object
The which: to subject or object tangible objects
That: to subject or tangible object or objects in the defining relative clause.
Whose: to state ownership
Definition: We use the relative pronouns to refer to a noun Mentioned before and of the which we are adding more information. They are used to join two or more sentences in that way and forming what we call "relative sentences".

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