Thursday, June 14, 2012

PASSIVE VOICE (kalimat pasif)

Kalimat passif adalah kalimat dimana subjek dikenai tindakan/pekerjaan, sedangkan kalimat aktif subjeklah yang melakukan tindakan/pekerjaan.

Hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam merubah aktif ke pasif adalah:
·         Yang dapat dijadikan kalimat passive adalah Verbal Sentence (kalimat yang predikatnya kata kerja/V)
·         Verbal sentence yang dapat dirubah ke Passive Voice (kalimat pasif) adalah kalimat yang memiliki objek penderita.
·         Perubahan aktif ke pasif atau sebaliknya tidak merubah makna kalimat. Perubahan iti terjadi hanya pada struktur kalimatnya saja.
·         Ciri kalimat pasif/passive voice adalah to be + V3 dan kata by (kata ini bukan merupakan syarat yang harus ada dalam kalimat pasif )
   Contoh : (Aktive)   Bajuri loves Oneng
                                      S     P/V1      O
                  (Passive)  Oneng is loved by Bajuri.
                                      S          P/V3
                  (Active)    I bought a new motorcycle last week.
                  (passive)   A new motorcycle was bought by me last week 

Rumus Pola aktif-pasif untuk semua tenses
Tenses
Active
Passive
Simple Present
Simple Past
S + V1
S + V2
S + am/is/are + V3
S + was/were + V3
Present Continuous
Present perfect continuous
Past Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous
Past Futurre Continuous
Past Future Perfect Continu
S + am/is/are + V-ing
S + have/has + been + V-ing
S + was/were + V-ing
S + had + been + V-ing
S + will/shall + be + V-ing
S + will + have + V-ing
S + would + be + V-ing+
S +would +have+been+V-ing
S + am/is/are + being + V3
S + have/has +been + being  +V3
S + was/were + being + V3
S + had + been + being + V3
S + will/shall + be + being + V3
S + will +have+been+ being +V3
S + would + be + being + V3
S +would+have+been+ being+V3
Simple Perfect
Past Perfect
S + have/has + V3
S + had + V3
S + have/has + been + V3
S + had + been + V3
Simple Future
Past Future
Modal (present)
Modal (past)
S + will/shall + V1
S + would/should + V1
S + may/can/must + V1
S + might/could/had to + V1
S + will/shall + be + V3
S + would/should + be + V3
S + may/can/must + be + V3
S + might/could/had to + be + V3

Jadi lebih singkatnya ciri kalimat pasif/passive voice selain by + O adalah
Present
Past
Perfect
Continuous
Future/modal
am/is/are + V3
was/were + V3
been + V3
being + V3
be + V3

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